SATREPS Project – water security in Kathmandu Valley

SATREPS Project on “Hydro-microbiological approach for water security in Kathmandu Valley” 

Water security’ is considered as one of the challenges of the 21st century for science and society. The Kathmandu Valley is hard hit by water crisis. In this context, the project titled “Hydro-microbiological approach for water security in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal” has been launched in May, 2014 with funding support from SATREPS (Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development) Program of the Government of Japan. SATREPS promotes international joint research targeting global issues. This is the first time for Nepal to get a SATREPS project since it was launched in 2008.

This project aims to ensure ‘water security’ from human health perspective. Enhanced understanding on microbial contaminants, processes of contamination to human health and its pathways (basically water) is central in this regard. Some of the microbes help consume contaminants in water and therefore are very much useful in developing water treatment technologies. Depending upon the environment (climate, hydrology, amount of water availability, etc) their presence, activities and effectiveness vary widely. However, it is a prevailing practice to regard hydrology and microbiology as two separate disciplines. This project aims to bring hydrology and microbiology together and develop some integrated approach and/or technology for ‘water security’ with a case study of the Kathmandu Valley. It aims to utilize fully microbial potential on site to develop the treatment technology.

The proposed activities/work plan envisages five interlinked components: (1) Water resources, demand and use; (2) Water quality; (3) Microbiology and public health; (4) Water treatment system; and (5) Socio-economic analysis. Each component is a self-contained group of tasks with outputs and outcomes.


The project runs for five years starting from May 2014 through April 2019. Five “Working Groups (WGs)” in Nepal and Japan will carry out the activities under the five components. Each group consists of a group leader and 4-5 members. Project implementation structure and partners are shown in the following figure.

Fig.: Project implementation structure. AITM – Asian Institute of Technology and Management; CREEW – Center of Research for Environment Energy & Water; DHM: Department of Hydrology and Meteorology; SEN – The Small Earth Nepal


More details are available at: