AITM Research Projects >> Low Carbon Development Research Project

 
In the face of the growing climate change problem, it is now well recognized that there is a need for concerted global actions to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. One fundamental approach to address the problem of climate change is to adopt strategies for low carbon development that promotes sustainable economic growth. Towards this end, a research project titled “Low Carbon Development Research Project” (LoCarDev) has been initiated at AITM. The project has the following objectives:

(i) To identify the various low carbon options (policies, technologies, resources, behavioural, institutional) in different sectors of Nepal and to assess their potential to reduce greenhouse gases over short, medium and long terms,

(ii) To develop a road map for low carbon development in Nepal, and

(ii) To analyze the effects of various low carbon policies and strategies (for example, electrification of transport sector) on development of hydropower and other energy resources, energy technology choice, investment needs, energy supply cost, local/regional pollutant emissions, greenhouse gases emissions and energy security in Nepal.

One of the key activities of the research project is to develop a policy analysis tool for assessments of various low carbon development policies/strategies in Nepal. A long term cost-minimizing model of national energy system of Nepal (“Nepal Energy System Model” (NESM)) is being developed under the project using the AIM/Enduse framework, which has been developed by the Asia-Pacific Integrated Assessment Model (AIM) modelling team at the National Institute of Environmental Studies (NIES) and Kyoto University in Japan. The model allows researchers and policy makers to analyze the effects of various national policies related to energy, environment and climate change on the development of energy resources including hydropower, energy technology choice, investment needs, energy supply cost, local/regional pollutant emissions, greenhouse gases emissions and energy security in Nepal. A unique feature of the NESM is that it characterizes the Nepalese economy not only in terms of disaggregated economic sectors but also captures the variations in physiographic regions (i.e. Mountains, Hills and Terai) as well as differences in rural and urban sectors in the country.

The research is being carried out in collaboration with Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology (SIIT), Thammasat University, Thailand and as a part of the AIM network activities. The activities of the project are expected to contribute towards informed policy making for energy development and energy using sectors of Nepal.

Professor Ram Manohar Shrestha is the Principal Investigator of the research project. Professor Shrestha, who is an Emeritus Professor of Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand and Chairman of Academic Council, AITM, Nepal, is also a member of AIM network.